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See/download the pre-publication open access versions below.
- Natacha Gagné & Mélanie Roustan: French Ambivalence Towards the Concept of ‘Indigenous People’: Museums and the Māori
- Geoffrey Gray: ‘Anthropology and Sociology Were of No Value...in War Time’: Ronald and Catherine Berndt and War-Time Security, 1939–1945
- Octavio Sacramento: For Love, Labor and Lifestyle: European Men Moving to Northeast Brazil
- Yang Zhan: Gifting as Governance: NGO Service Projects and Disciplinary Power in Rural Migrant Settlements in China
- Gordon Mathews: Review Article: Why Anthropologists Don't Reach the Public: A Rumination on Books of Thomas Hylland Eriksen
- Greg Feldman: Comment: The Virtues of Theory: How Some Academics Succeeded -- Big Time -- in Reaching Non-Academic Audiences
- John Morton: Obituary: Bradley Jennings 1964 – 2018.....
Natacha Gagné and Mélanie Roustan
Université Laval, Québec, Canada & Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
French Ambivalence Towards the Concept of ‘Indigenous People’: Museums and the Māori
Museums around the globe have experienced important changes in recent years in response to decolonisation processes and the demands of indigenous peoples. French museums are no exception, but the transformations have certain French hallmarks. This article explores the way France is dealing with its colonial legacy and, by means of two case studies, unravels the diverse political and historical particularities of the French context. The first looks at the results of a comparative analysis of the French and Québécois public’s response to the travelling exhibition E tū ake: Standing Strong produced by the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. The second focuses on the repatriation ceremony of Māori toi moko (tattooed preserved heads) that took place in Paris in January 2012. These two case studies examine the French uses of concepts such as ‘community’, ‘minority’, and ‘indigeneity’ as well as the complex relations between religion and rationality, ancestral presence and materialism in French public life. The article investigates how these concepts participate in the fabric of French society, and thus in shaping contemporary museum landscapes.
University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia
‘Anthropology and Sociology Were of No Value … in War Time’: Ronald and Catherine Berndt and War-Time Security, 1939–1945
Not available as pre-copyediting version
On 3 September 1939, Australia followed the United Kingdom in declaring war on Germany. Soon afterwards a number of German nationals including Australians of German descent were placed in internment camps. For those German enemy aliens and Australians of German heritage not interned, suspicion was never far from the surface. In the case of the anthropologist Ronald Murray Berndt, what initially put him under suspicion was not his political affiliations or actions, but his German name and some of his utterances on the war which were interpreted as being pro-German. Linked to this was a concern by Australian military and government authorities that Indigenous people were potentially disloyal, and anthropologists who worked with Indigenous Australians were, by the very nature of their relationship with them, considered potential subversives. However, although Ronald Berndt always worked with his wife Catherine, only Ronald was considered a security risk. Catherine was simply seen as his wife, part of a team, about whom nothing adverse was known. This article analyses the early career of Ronald and Catherine Berndt, and the restrictions and blocks they faced in accessing field sites during WWII. An easy answer to such impairments that was made at the time and later, was that Ronald was caught during WWII in a surveillance dragnet that focused on Germanness. The reality that emerges from the archival record, however, is far more complex, and shows amongst others, the exploitation of surveillance by local establishment gatekeepers.
University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
For Love, Labour, and Lifestyle: European Men Moving to Northeast Brazil
This article debates the specific case of the migration of European men to Northeast Brazil and its relation to the creation of intimacy bonds with local women that have been made possible by previous tourist visits. The analysis has the principal objective of understanding the dense framework of social conditions and circumstances that cause the transatlantic mobility of men, and gives particular emphasis to the emotional and marital factors that fuel this type of movement, trying to show that they also migrate for intimacy reasons, and not only for economic reasons as studies based on a neoclassical approach have often seemed to indicate. While central, in these examples of international mobility, the intention to marry is not as determining a factor as the concept of ‘marriage migrations’ would suggest. Poetic motivations related to passion coexist dynamically with a much wider set of (micro)political economy and existential drives, related not only to employment and investment but also to recreation and the minutiae of everyday life. For this reason, it is important to avoid any unicausal schema based on exclusive or dichotomous conceptual frameworks that foreground migration for marital, lifestyle and/or employment motives. The migrations in question tend to be motivated, simultaneously, by the desire for matrimony and to secure assets, and even by what we might call ‘civilisational’ issues. The material that sustains both this and other perspectives presented in the article is the result of a multisited ethnographic fieldwork undertaken in various spaces within Euro-Brazilian configurations of intimacy.
Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Gifting as Governance: NGO Service Projects and Disciplinary Power in Rural Migrant Settlements in China
In contemporary China, migrant workers have gathered in urban villages and formed communities of their own. The regulative power of the state has not fully penetrated these enclaves, thus creating opportunities for NGOs to shoulder many of the ongoing welfare responsibilities. The primary goal of this study was to explore how NGO service projects can generate a new type of disciplinary power through give-and-take practices. I argue that service projects allow the givers to transform their economic power and social resources into political power, through which social inequality is obscured, legitimised, and translated into the delivery of ‘love’, ‘caring’ and ‘compassion’. Such political power also delivers middle-class values and lifestyles to rural migrants, who feel obligated to transform their subjectivities in order to reciprocate.
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Why Anthropologists Don’t Reach the Public: A Rumination on Books of Thomas Hylland Eriksen
Not available as pre-copyediting version
I have been asked in this essay to review two recent books of Thomas Hylland Eriksen and to place them in the context of contemporary debates in anthropology. The first two sections of this review essay discuss the recent Eriksen book Overheating, and the co-edited book Identity Destabilised, outlining the books’ core arguments. Bracketing these reviews, the essay examines the larger issue of anthropologists and the general public. It asks, now that many anthropologists have realised the importance of reaching a larger audience, why are they not being more widely read? It considers various reasons for this, and suggests that since the most fundamental ideas of the discipline have been superseded by more sophisticated and diverse modes of analysis, anthropological explications of the world may no longer have much appeal to a larger audience.
University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada
The Virtues of Theory: How Some Academics Succeeded – Big Time – in Reaching Non-Academic Audiences
This is a short essay stimulated by Why Anthropologists Don’t Reach the Public: A Rumination on Books of Thomas Hylland Eriksen, by Gordon Mathews
La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia
Bradley Jennings 1964–2018
Not available as pre-copyediting version